i don’t waste time by talking about myself …i gonna share my experience of a bug “web cache poisioning” in bug bounty as usually i was pentesting on private sites i saw there my paraminer shows an unkeyed url with secret url Before exploiting part i wanna share my thoughts about tha bug called cache poisiong :

web cache poisiong: This is a technique by which we can poision the whole web page by sending malicious request with unkeyed (that cache ignores) headers and urls that leads to defacement,xss,ssrf and other causes web cache poising is diffrent from web cache poisiong the common thing among them is cache

so i was pentesting on private site saw there an api like

“https://redacted.net/api/” [it shows all website url’s with path]

i send this request to repeater and added an header “x-Forwarded-For : example.com” i was shocked the url which was used in website [/api endpoint] got replaced by mine url example.com [due to x-forward header] suddenly i open ngrok and copied the url and added in x-forwarded header and boom i got incoming request in my terminal with some private ip of company but that was not high criteria bug so i tried further i addded cachebuster query to the end of url like “https://redacted.net/api?mohit=1234” and with the help of curl command it looks like this:

curl -i -s -k -X $’GET’ -H $’Host: redaccted.net’ -H $’Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate’ -H $’Accept: /’ -H $’Accept-Language: en’ -H $’User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; Trident/5.0)’ -H $’x-forwarded-host: [my ngrok url] -H $’Connection: close’ $’https://www.redacted.net?mohit=1234> /dev/null

it was not working after lot of trying and resarching i added another header “X-Url-Scehme: nohttps” after that i tried so many times cache:miss but i continouly send request and finally it shows cache: hit means my cache got stored then i visited “https://redacted.net/api?mohit=1234” i saw my incoming request in my terminal i tried from my phone on another wifi connection i still get incoming connectin means i successfully posiones the web anyone can visit the webpage “https://redacted.net/api? mohit=1234” i grab his ip :P still i was not satisfied i tried to do xss but failed because of waf :(

so i tried a diffrented method i created a web page on my website [not mine sad lyf] in which i created 10 raws of json and hide a xss paload in that rows then with the help of web cache posiong i tried to fetch that webpage and it gotta hit in few attempts and when i visited the ur it shows popup whoo i go xsss …means ay user that vist on my url got popup of “you are hacked run away” another one was defacement but defacinement is shit that’s why i leave it and reported xss,sssrf and web cache poisiong :(

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